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Values, Principles and Rights in Water, Oceans and Sustainability Law

The Polluter Pays Principle: Guidelines for Cost Recovery and Burden Sharing in the Case Law of the European Court of Justice

Authors:

Petra E. Lindhout ,

Utrecht University School of Law, NL
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Berthy van den Broek

Utrecht University School of Law, NL
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Abstract

Over the years, the polluter pays principle has developed into a strong basis for EU policy making. Many European Directives refer to this principle, for instance as a basis for cost recovery or liability. The European Court of Justice has contributed significantly to the development of the polluter pays principle. Case law of the European Court of Justice on the polluter pays principle provides guidelines for burden sharing and recovery of costs. In this article we will illustrate how these guidelines may be helpful to solve current environmental issues.
We will argue that the guidelines of the polluter pays principle apply to the establishment of coherent programmes of measures, as required under the Air Quality Directive and Water Framework Directive. We will also discuss the influence of the polluter pays principle on the cost recovery for water services under Article 9 of the Water Framework Directive.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/ulr.268
How to Cite: Lindhout, P.E. & van den Broek, B., (2014). The Polluter Pays Principle: Guidelines for Cost Recovery and Burden Sharing in the Case Law of the European Court of Justice. Utrecht Law Review. 10(2), pp.46–59. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/ulr.268
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Published on 08 May 2014.
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