Since its first successful use in criminal investigations in the 1980s, DNA has become a widely used and valuable tool to identify offenders and to acquit innocent persons. For a more beneficial use of the DNA-related data possessed, the Council of the European Union adopted Council Decisions 2008/615 and 2008/616 establishing a mechanism for a direct automated search in national EU Member States’ DNA databases. The article reveals the complications associated with the regulation on the use of DNA for criminal investigations as it is regulated by both EU and national legislation which results in a great deal of variations. It also analyses possible violations of and limitations to human rights when collecting DNA samples, as well as their analysis, use and storage.
How to Cite:
Soleto Muñoz, H. and Fiodorova, A., 2014. DNA and Law Enforcement in the European Union: Tools and Human Rights Protection. Utrecht Law Review, 10(1), pp.149–162. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/ulr.262